Not only can losing a tooth affect chewing or allow the nearby teeth to drift, but it can also impact your smile. Luckily, dental implants can fill the gap and make your smile as good as new again!
These reliable, low-maintenance implants work just like your real teeth: They have a crown and a root. The crown looks just like your teeth, and the root is made of titanium. Titanium is the most biocompatible metal, which means that when the “root” is placed in the bone of the jaw, it will bond with the bone. This process is called osseointegration, and it is what makes a dental implant behave just like a real tooth.
Although dental implants have an extremely high success rate, it is still possible for your body to reject the implants. One of the ways dentists can reduce that chance is by monitoring what medications you are taking that might affect your dental implants.
Some Medications Could Pose a Risk
Some medications increase the chances of your dental implants being rejected. Here are a few to watch out for.
- Antidepressants — SSRIs, which are the most common type of antidepressant, have been proven time and again to have a negative impact on bone. Studies show that patients taking SSRIs are significantly more likely to experience dental implant failure.
- Antibiotics — Although no studies have specifically linked them to dental implant failure yet, fluoroquinolones are proven to impede bone healing and growth. There are non-fluoroquinolone antibiotics that will pose less of a risk — although with new antibacterial implants, you might not even need antibiotics!
- Heartburn Medication — Research has shown that the rate of implant failure more than doubles in patients who are taking heartburn medication. These extremely common prescriptions can inhibit calcium absorption, weakening bones.
- NSAIDs — It’s been suggested that these over-the-counter painkillers (like Advil, Aleve, and aspirin) and their prescription forms could hinder bone healing.
- Bisphosphonates — This drug is prescribed to treat osteoporosis. It works by preventing that body’s natural process of removing and replacing bone, so that bone mass builds. While this might be an effective osteoporosis treatment, it could prevent your body from properly integrating dental implants.
Others Can Benefit Dental Implants
While many drugs can pose a risk to dental implants, there are others that do the opposite! Recent research has shown that beta blockers, which are already known to increase bone formation, can drastically reduce the failure rate of dental implants. In fact, while the control group had a failure rate of 4.1%, the group taking beta blockers only had a failure rate of 0.6%.
In the end, the only one who can advise you on what your specific medication needs are for a dental implant surgery is your dentist. That’s why finding the right dentist for your dental implants is so important! Make sure to talk to your dentist about your medications before your dental implant surgery to ensure the highest probability of success.